Developments of 1979, a view of the
positions of the left of capital and
internationalists






Different tendencies of the left of capital by announcing "the current revolution in Iran" after the events of the tenth presidential election played the same role that they did in 1979. They try to under dominate the class struggle of workers to their anti dictatorship struggle (their democracy dream and wishes) to once again take the working class to the altar of bourgeoisie. If the positions of Internationalists in 1979 within Iran’s political milieu didn’t had any echoic and was recorded only as a historic document. However, after 30 years today the internationalist positions in the Iran's political milieu, regardless of being so weak nut is a reality. We walk through the positions of the left of capital and internationalists in the early formation of the Islamic Republic.

In 1979, protests, demonstrations and strikes with the arrival of the working class to the scene of struggle, it was the alarm to the bourgeois. From one hand, widespread repression was not only remedial, but pushing the protests to become radical but on the other hand, the society had been so convulsion that the ruling class no longer was able to lead and continue the imperial capitalism. Therefore, the bourgeoisie provided its alternative to continuing and survival of the capitalist system. Although the Islamic Republic was an inappropriate alternative, but was the only possible alternative for the world bourgeois.

Under those circumstances, the right and left of capital brought Khomeini to the center of attention and he become the major player and finally became anti-imperialists. The left of capital played an active role in consolidation of the leadership of the clergy, and of course anti-imperialist clergy. Review of the positions of the left of capital is not the subject of this introduction but showing the historical positions of the left of capital and the internationalists early when the Islamic Republic was formed.


Trotskyists

Trotskyists [1] like other left tendencies welcomed Khomeini dearly. Revolutionary Workers Party led by Babak Zahrai with all its power cooperated with the Islamic Republic. The radical part of the Trotskyists demanding military training of workers before deployment of them to the front war, and wrote: "In the first issue of magazine ‘Socialist Workers’, 2 October 1980, when the war began, we proclaimed that since the problem of war become the issue of workers who regiment voluntary being sent to the front line and they believed the regime's leaders, the worker should want the regime's leaders that the workers should get armed and trained to ‘be able to defend revolution through their councils!’." [2] Taking advantage and using in the struggling bourgeois gangs is not specific for the homemade Trotskyists, Trotskyists in Spain, China and then in the Second World War sent workers into the imperialist massacre as well.


Maoists

Ranjbaran Maoist Party in its first congress hanged the photo of Khomeini beside the photos of their leaders and on their banderole of congress wrote slogan "Long live anti-imperialist and anti-authoritarian revolution of Iran led by Imam Khomeini". [3]

Ranjbaran Party was also was in cooperation with the Islamic Republic.Some headline articles of Ranjbar (official publication of of Ranjbaran party) is as follows:
  • Iran doesn’t have any other leader other than Khomeini. - Ranjbar No. 5

  • Karbala, Karbala torch of free men, the Soviet Union, America Oppressed enemy - Ranjbar No. 7[4]
Another Maoists tendency Communist League, despite they didn’t cooperated intelligence with the Islamic Republic, but they position were not better than the other Maoist tendency either. Communist League began its work with congratulation to the most notorious executioners like Khalkhali and in an article entitled "A historic verdict" In Haghighat, No. 28, page 28 wrote:

"Ayatollah Seyed Sadegh Khalkhali, head of Islamic Revolution Court, during a press conference ... execution sentence of deposed Shah... we congratulate this revolutionary decision and proclamation of it to the Islamic Revolution Court and the presiding judge ...”

With start of the war of Iran – Iraq, Maoists victimized the workers as cannon fodder in the internal disputes of bourgeois. Maoists wrote: "Communist League of Iran declares its completely ready to advance the defense of revolution and native country and participation in the war against Baathist troop’s mercenaries’ trespasser!" [5]

Maoists in criticism of the radical phrase Stalinists wrote:
"Reject the counter-revolutionary and anti-national views from your movement!
Our country is at risk of direct military aggression of mercenary imperialism and a part of its territory has been occupied,... the concept and status of other anti-revolutionary and anti-patriotic, they sabotage and disruption in the defense of the revolution and homeland. "[6]

Maoists like Basij in front line followed the same philosophy as Basijies for losing their member of their organizations in the war and announcing it proudly:”In lamentation of comrade Qasim Sarraf-Zadeh – comrade Abul Qasim Sarraf-Zadeh member of the leadership of the communist league of Iran in the war front lost their life as martyr.”[7] These are not religious delirium of Basij but the words of the leadership of Maoists.

Again and again when internal conflicts between bourgeois gangs were up, the working class was asked to protect the life of President Bani-Sadr a criminal bourgeoisie nut against other gang attacks.

"About the conspiracy against President (Announcement)
People of Tehran! To support the president and to deal with criminal traitors that evil bunch of thugs are affiliated to the ruling party gathered around his house and guarded him."[8]


Stalinists

The most important Stalinist current, the Organization of Iranian People's Fedayee Guerrillas who played an important role in strengthening of the Islamic Republic. The Fadayees admired their imam's anti-imperialist perception, was addressed to be the great leader of the Shiites and his return to homeland was in the benefit of workers. [9] The majority fraction of it went up to be an appendage of the Intelligence Ministry. Its leader Farokh Negahdar in the years 1981-82 has had meetings in the court of the Islamic Revolution with executioner like Mousavi Tabrizi that has ordered execution of thousands of people and the butcher of Evin prison. The momentous duty of members and sympathizer to betray the other political activists and in their organ wrote them:

"The sympathizer of Organization in the current momentous situation must do their duties more decisive and determined than before. Expose the machinations of anti-revolutionary and introducing anti-revolutionary groups' policies in the workplace and among families, and wherever the masses are present, are among of the tasks of the militant sympathizers."[10] The basic question is that which role played the most radical tendencies of Stalinists in stabilizing of the anti-imperialists clergy.

The basic question is that which role played the most radical phrase tendencies of Stalinists in stabilizing of the anti-imperialist clergy. Current 3, the most radical part of Stalinism and the Organisation of Struggle on the Path to the Emancipation of the Working class (Peykar) [11] was the most important current within it. If we aside the dream of a democratic revolution (state capitalism) of the Peykar for now and horizon and socialist belief of it that in the one of the most backward country in Europe had been manifested in the article "socialist Albania and brilliant achievements of socialism" [12] has described again anyway and very transient and only look to the titles of some articles and the nature of the role that the Peykar played in the stabilizing of the anti-imperialist clergy. Then, we find its counter-revolutionary nature and how as a part of political apparatus of capital, played its role in stabilizing of the new order Islamic barbarism. Before pre-publication of its organ, Peykar in an open letter to its anti-imperialist Imam, Khomeini, in connection with arresting of Mojtaba Taleghani, its member wrote:

"We addressed to someone that the revolutionary courts in defense of the oppressed… re-launched and revolutionary answered to continuing demand peaceful and justice our people suffer."[13]

With publishing of its organ continued these positions in its publication. Some of the headlines of the Peykar’s articles telling us which position had the most radical tendency of Stalinism and also reflects the fact that the Peykar’s problem was not caused by its confuses but due to its ideological framework, Stalinism. One can not belong to the camp of capital (the left wing of it) and play a revolutionary stance. Headline of some of the Peykar’s articles which does not need any explanation:
  • Initiated by Ayatollah Taleghani to create local councils for Administration matter that approved by Ayatollah Khomeini as well, we welcome and hereby our support of this revolutionary action ... Peykar No. 1 - page 2

  • We confirm the revolutionary act of Ayatollah Khomeini. (In relation to cut diplomatic ties with Egypt) Peykar No. 2 page 7

  • Honour the memory of martyr militant clergy Ayatollah Saeedi, Peykar No. 7 - page 1

  • Pressure from the people, the revolutionary forces, Ayatollah Khomeini and the Revolutionary Council - Peykar No. 8 - page 4

  • The court of people, the court of revolution (in relation to the execution of a parliament member from the period of Shah) - Peykar No. 12 - page 1

  • Look at the Imam’s speech addressed to the industry - Peykar No. 13 - page 4 (anti-imperialist petty bourgeois)

  • Our candidates wanted to reflect the aim of working people to defend their interests and to disclose reaction participate in the election. Peykar No. 12 - page 1

  • How the ruling bourgeois, has been achieved the revolutionary courts in its hand - Peykar No. 17 - page 1

  • Ayatollah Taleghani - crystallization of people’s half-century anti-imperialist and anti-authoritarian struggle - Peykar No. 20 - page 1 (our oppressed masses have lost a friend, a father and a big combat fellow.) [14]

  • Imam Khomeini gave security to Muhammad Mir Lashary. Peykar No. 26 - page 15



Internationalists

First we must make clear what does anti-imperialist struggle mean for the internationalists. We believe that in the decline period of capitalism, in the era of imperialism all states regardless of their size, large or small, regardless of their military and economic power from the larger gangsters like America and Great Britain to the small like Iran and Pakistan, all are imperialists. [15] Thus, the anti-imperialist struggle means struggle against the capitalism around the world in order to destroy capitalism through the world revolution.

Internationalists in the February 1979 in felicity to their belong to the proletarian camp and relying on Communist positions and Internationalist perspectives began to analyze the situation. Unlike the political delirium of the left of capital that from a reactionary likes Khomeini, made Imam that defending the oppressed and did the clergy anti-imperialist. Yes, in the February 1979 internationalists declared that Khomeini is not progressive than the Queen of England or the first emperor Bokassa. Yes, internationalist in the same February announced that the proletariat must maintain its class independence and should not solve itself in the people's movements. Yes, in the same February internationalists announced that the only revolution on the agenda both in peripheral countries including Iran and metropolis countries are Communist Revolution.

Therefore, we translated the statement of the International Communist Current, published 15 February 1979 to Persian, and we recommend reading it.



Internationalist Voice
18 September 2010


Notes:
[1] Trotsky and Trotskyism belong to two different camps. Trotsky, despite his mistakes, such as war communism, the nature of the Soviet Union and so remains as revolutionary and died as belonging to proletarian while Trotskyism represents represents the political apparatus of capital.
[2] Socialist Workers No. 58, page 9, on the occasion of the ninth anniversary of the magazine publishing.
[3] Ranjbar, No. 1, page 16
[4] Karbala is where shiiti’s third Immam has been killed.
[5] Haghighat, No. 91, page 8
[6] Haghighat, No. 91 - Page 4
[7] Haghighat, No. 114 - Page 1
[8] Haghighat, No. 127 - Page 9
[9] Statements of Organization of Iranian People's Fedayee Guerrillas in 1979
[10] Kar (majority) No. 149, 17 February 1982, Page 18
[11] Peykar has been slaughtered literally in the 1981-82
[12] Peykar No. 82 - Page 15
[13] “Open Letter of Organisation of Struggle on the Path to the Emancipation of the Working class (Peykar) to Imam Khomeini, the leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran – on 13 April 1979”
[14] One of the top members of the Azerbaijan Committee of Peykar, Ayub (with real name Akbar Aghbashlu) tried to take action and prevent the article that spread around in the Azerbaijan province. Akbar Aghbashlu represented a very weak, radical and critical tendency within the Peykar. Finally, as a result of differences Akbar Aghbashlu with Ladan Bayani and some others in 1980 were separated from the Peykar and founded the Red Star Group.
The Red Star, despite its serious and fundamental criticism of the left, kept the contents of Stalinism, and unfortunately the savage repression of the Islamic bourgeoisie did not give opportunity to the Red Star that if in its criticism of the left of capital, behind left and will leave the nightmares of Stalinism and approaching the Internationalist positions or not?
[15] In relation to the definition, nature and function of imperialism in the era of decadence of capitalism see "Nationalism is a deadly poison for the class struggle".